From Bill McCune, Arizona's Premier Historical Documentary Producer

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ARIZONA

The Spirit of Arizona

Program Time: 72 minutes in two parts
Host : Bill McCune

 

1911

Roosevelt Dam brings electricity and stable water supply.

1912

Arizona gave women the right to vote eight years before approved Nationally.

1912

Former Sheriff Carl Hayden elected to Congress; later to Senate. Ultimately served 58 years in congress

1914

Mrs. Rachel Berry of St. Johns becomes the first American woman elected to a State Legislature.

1859-1934

Governor George W.P. Hunt profiled.

1916

George Hunt and Tom Campbell both claim Governor’s Chair

1910-1915

Mexican Civil War. Americans entertained by gathering at border to watch fighting.

1916

Pancho Villa attacks Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17 Americans. President Wilson backs Villa’s opponents. General Pershing chases Villa for a year without success.

1917

World War I. Germans try to persuade Mexico to invade U.S. via Arizona (The Zimmerman Note.)

1917

War causes boom to Arizona economy: High prices for copper and long-stemmed cotton.

1918

Army flier Frank Luke, Jr. wins Congressional Medal of Honor; killed in action. In all, 321 Arizonans die in WWI.

1918

Marine Corporal John Henry Pruett wins Congressional Medal of Honor two times; later killed in unrelated action.

1918-1960

Brothers Tom and John Powers accused of dodging draft. Shootout leaves several dead. Sentenced to life terms; paroled after almost 43 years in prison.

1918-1919

Spanish Flu kills 500,000 people nationally, including many in Arizona.

1920

Arizona population hits 350,000 with 9,000 telephones, 35,000 automobiles but less than 300 miles of paved roads.

1922

KFAD and KFCB become Arizona’s first radio stations.

1923

Chief/Tribal Chairman Henry Chee Dodge of the Navajo Nation organized first modern tribal government (but Indians not granted voting rights in Arizona until 1948.)

1927

Charles Lindburgh dedicates Tucson airport amid 20,000 spectators.

1927

Arizona Highways magazine established.

1929

Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport established.

1920's

Prohibition and bootlegging

1930's

Early resorts, golf courses and dude ranches (Development of

 

tourism industry dates to 1895.)

1928

Governor John C. Phillips - 'ugliest man in Arizona.'

1929-1940

Impact of The Great Depression. State sees population loss of 50,000 during the depression.

1931

'Trunk Murderer' Winnie Ruth Judd becomes national media focus.

1932

Governor Hunt elected seventh and final time.

1934

Dr. Benjamin Moeur defeats Hunt in Democratic primary; Hunt dies soon after. Moeur spends only $75.80 on successful campaign over Republican opponent.

1934

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) helps build park system during the depression. Overview of role of the cowboy and rancher in Arizona. Dispute with California over Colorado River water brings out the 'Arizona Navy' in an 'Almost' war.

1936-1938

Depression era Governor Raughlie Stanford refused to seek re-election after homeless people camp in his front yard. He later spends a long career on the State Supreme Court.

1938

Governor Robert Jones serves one term. Sees war coming and builds up the National Guard.

1941

Pearl Harbor attacked. USS Arizona sunk with 1,102 entombed. War with Japan and Germany

1941-1945

----Arizona 'discovered.' Weather makes it perfect training site for 150,000 Allied pilots, as well as General Patton’s tank corps.

 

----Arizona National Guard, 158th Regimental Combat Team, known as the 'Bushmasters' gain fame fighting in the Pacific.

 

----Army PFC Sylvestre Herrera awarded Congressional Medal of Honor.

 

----Marine Ira Hays, a Pima Indian, helps raise flag at Iwo Jima.

 

----Navajo service men develop secret code based on native language; later acclaimed as the 'Navajo Code Talkers.'

 

----German Prisoners of War held in Arizona; try to escape.

 

----Thousands of Japanese-Americans held at 'internment camps' in Arizona.

1884-1948

Profile of Governor Sydney P. Osborn

1946-1956

POST WAR BOOM - Arizona population doubles; doubles again, and again.

1949

KPHO-TV, channel 5 in Phoenix is first television station in Arizona.

1950

Former war correspondent Howard Pyle elected first Republican Governor in twenty years; State’s first Black legislators elected.

1950

Impact of development of air conditioning; early experiments.

1953

Phoenix school desegregation.

1953-1989

Children’s comedy show Wallace and Ladmo is longest running local program with the same hosts in US history. (10,000 shows) Film producer Stephen Speilberg comments.

1941-1958

Political career of Ernest W. MacFarland; Majority Leader of U.S. Senate; Arizona Governor; and Chief Justice of Arizona Supreme Court.

1958-1976

Political career of Republican Governor/U.S. Senator Paul Fannin.

1958

State Community College system established; serves more than 150,000 students per year.

1962

U.S. Senator Carl Hayden celebrates 50 years. President Kennedy attends banquet.

1960

'One Man One Vote' court ruling shifts political power from rural to suburban areas.

1964

Sam Goddard elected Democratic Governor.

1964

Profile of Barry Goldwater.

1968-1974

Re-organization of structure of state government.

1974

Profile of Raul Castro, first Hispanic Governor of Arizona.

1965-1974

Impact of Vietnam War. Six Congressional Medal of Honor winners. Overview of development of Sun City and other retirement communities.

1970's-1990's

Overview of 'recent events:

 

----Arizonan William Renquist appointed to U.S. Supreme Court; later made Chief Justice.

 

----Sandra O’Connor becomes first woman appointed to U.S. Supreme Court.

 

----Arizona sees many developments in the arts; as well as professional sports teams.

 

----Politically, Congressman Morris Udall seeks the Presidency. Governor Wesley Bolin dies in office.

 

Governor Bruce Babbitt runs for Democratic nomination for President.

 

Governor Evan Mecham is impeached and removed from office.

 

Secretary of State Rose Mofford becomes Arizona’s first female

 

governor.

Featured participants include:
Governors Paul Fannin,
Jack Williams,
Raul Castro,
Sam Goddard,
and Bruce Babbitt.
Film producer Stephen Speilberg.
Attorney Gary Peter Klahr.
Historians Don Dedera,
Marshall Trimble
and Lester 'Budge' Ruffner.
Legislative leader Burton Barr.
Community leaders Steve Corkran
and David Wick.


The History and Heritage of Arizona
The Road to Statehood | The Spirit of Arizona | geoARIZONA | Una Segunda Vista | Almost Free | The Women They Were | INDIAN | The Road to Nazlini | Barry Goldwater | Barry and Mo | Arizona Highways